XI Professional Counseling of Prosecutors in Bosnia and Herzegovina

XI Professional Counseling of Prosecutors in Bosnia and Herzegovina, was held from 1th to 03 October 2018, in Neum. The CPRC was the co-organizer of the mentioned Counseling, where, within the project “Support to Efficient Migration and Border Management in Bosnia and Herzegovina” supported by Government of Switzerland. Embassy of Switzerland in Bosnia and Herzegovina, organized training (Panel V) entitled "Fight against corruption - modalities and prevention of immigration and asylum abuse." The topic of the Panel was fight against corruption, modalities and prevention of immigration and asylum abuse, as well as establishing cooperation between competent institutions in the prevention of various forms of corruption. Participations in Panel were prosecutors from the Prosecutor's Office of BiH, cantonal prosecutors' offices of Una-Sana Canton, Central Bosnia Canton, West Herzegovina Canton, Tuzla Canton, Zenica-Doboj Canton and Canton Sarajevo, and District Prosecutor's Office in Banja Luka, as well as representatives of Border Police of BiH, Service for Foreigners' Affairs of BiH and representatives of the Ministry of Security of BiH - Asylum Sector, Sector for migration and Sector for European Integration and International Cooperation.

At the final plenary session, conclusions from all five panels were presented, which will, as every year, be submitted to all institutions that have taken part in the Professional Counseling of Prosecutors in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Conclusions in Panel V are as follows:

• Corruption is a complex problem that manifests in many different forms, which is present in all segments of state administration, but also in the private sector;
• Corruption in the police and judicial system represents a special challenge;
• Since the beginning of 2018, over 16,000 foreign citizens-migrants entered Bosnia and Herzegovina, which multiple times exceeds the earlier annual averages, creating a large migratory pressure;
• Migrants entering Bosnia and Herzegovina are mostly in transit and demonstrate fair creativity (eg. intentional non-possession of documents, legal entry into Serbia, through which it illegally enters the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina);
• Migrant pressure affects the growth of organized criminal acts of human smuggling, trafficking in human beings, forgery of documents, crossing the state border, giving false statements and other delicts;
• Among other things, implies the possibility of appearing migrants as participants in the proceedings (witnesses, perpetrators), which implies numerous difficulties in the processing of the offenses concerned;
• Corruption allows (illegal) migration, and their links are manifested in countries of origin, as well as transit and destinations;
• More intensive co-operation between judicial and police bodies and other competent services (for affairs with foreigners, the migration and asylum sector, etc.) is needed both in Bosnia and Herzegovina and neighboring countries; this refers to their accommodation, efficient processing if the realization of criminal acts is achieved. works and other spheres of work;
• Encouraging the fact that there are no official complaints about the corrupt behavior of competent agencies working with migrants, which does not exclude the need for anti-corruption practices, especially preventive (legal framework supplement, personnel rotation, etc.);
• Creating mechanisms for legal migration is a good approach to preventing corruption and violence on migration routes; assumption is normalization of scale of migration movements to a level that can be successfully managed;
• Required training of judicial office holders, together with law enforcement agencies and professionals in the field of migration and asylum, on the topics of genuine jurisdiction to conduct, provide evidence, procedures for identifying identities, accommodation and work with foreigners – participants in criminal proceedings, interinstitutional coordination and cooperation.